The test scheduled today - Thursday for Group B - will be postponed. The students are just not ready. Please look down to my post on Oct. 23 for review materials. I have rescheduled the test for Tuesday, November 5.
Every other Wednesday, 6th and 7th graders gather in the cafe' at 8:15 to participate in an assembly. During the assembly, Mrs. McDonald discusses issues important to our students - and more specifically, our middle schoolers.
This week's assembly:
*reviewed the 7C's Deck - encouraging students to complete their activities soon - don't wait for the last minute!
*discussed the rules of the Middle School Dance on Nov. 8th. Many 6th graders had questions and they were expertly answered by Brighten's SGA. Mrs. Olvey let the students know that checks for the $15.00 admission fee would be accepted until next Wed., but after that it has to be cash. If you wait until the night of the dance, the cost will be $20.00.
*2nd graders shared their community project with us, encouraging our students to bring in pennies to help out one of their classmates with Leukemia. We are running a contest between Groups A and B in 6th grade for who brings in the most money!
Students worked in centers last Monday (and will finish up this Monday) reviewing the first three standards (NS.1, NS.2, and NS.3) of our Unit 2 Test to be given next Thursday - Oct. 31.
As our unit progresses, we will explore forms of government. Your student has homework that is due Friday that address these types of governments.
SS6CG1 The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.
a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.
b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.
c. Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential.
Some extra information about SS6CG1 - This is a shared standard that will appear with each country that we study this year. After the first time it is taught, the information will be reviewed to help students make connections to the new learning. The intent of this standard is to lay a foundation for students to understand the basic organization of governments before attempting to compare actual governments.
Students should be able to describe these ways governments distribute power or identify the type of distribution from a description.
Unitary: characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority; Examples: Cuba and the United Kingdom
Federal: characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities. Examples: Australia, Germany, Russia, Canada, Brazil, Mexico
Confederation: voluntary associations of independent states that, to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action and establish some joint machinery of consultation or deliberation. Example: European Union
Students should be able to explain the different ways citizen participation in their government is defined.
Autocratic: government in which one person possesses unlimited power and the citizen has little if any role in the government. Example: Cuba
Oligarchic: government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes. The citizen has a very limited role.
Democratic: a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections. Examples: United Kingdom, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Canada, Australia
The students should be able to explain each form of government and identify the major differences in these two forms of democratic governments.
Parliamentary: a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the
legislature. May have a Prime Minister elected by the legislature. Example: United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Germany
Presidential: a system of government in which the president is constitutionally independent of the
legislature. Example: Mexico and Brazil
Some sample CRCT questions for SSCG1
Cuba does not permit freedom of choice in elections and only the Communist Party is permitted. Cuba has a dictatorship in which power is held by one central authority. What type of government would Cuba be classified as?
The government of Brazil has a national government and 26 state governments, each with some reserved powers and shared powers. What type of government would Brazil be classified as?
You are a rich farmer in a small country, and part of the national government. Most of the people in your country are very poor. You are part of a small group of wealthy landowning families that holds all of the political power in your nation. This small group makes all political decisions for your country.
When making decisions, you generally do what is best for your families rather than what is best for all the people in your country. Which form of government do you have?
What is a basic way citizens of a democratic nation can influence the government?
C. obeying laws
D. consuming goods
Which type of government would most likely abolish all opposing political parties, the direct election of leaders, and free speech?
B. constitutional monarchy
D. representative democracy
All citizens participate equally in which type of government?
A. Oligarchy B. Democracy* C. Autocracy D. Theocracy
In which system of government does the legislature elect the executive leader of the government?
A. presidential democracy
C. parliamentary democracy*
Which best describes how a parliamentary democracy differs from a presidential democracy?
A. The legislature consists of two houses.
B. There are usually two major political parties.
C. There are state as well as national governments.
D. The head of the government is a member of the legislature.*
The leader of the Parliament in countries such as Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom is called the
D. prime minister.*
You are the chief executive in your country’s democratically-elected national government. You came to power in the last election after your political party won a majority of seats in the national legislature. As the leader of your political party, you were chosen to be the head of government by your co-workers in the legislature. Which form of government do you have?
A. parliamentary* B. presidential C. autocratic D. oligarchic
SS6CG2 The student will explain the structures of national governments in Latin America and the Caribbean.
a. Compare the federal-republican systems of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Brazil) and the United Mexican States (Mexico) to the dictatorship of the Republic of Cuba (Cuba), distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting and personal freedoms.
When one compares the listed governments, only the type of leadership and the roles of the citizen are assessable. In identifying the type of leadership, students should know the type of leader (monarch, president, prime minister, etc.) and how this person becomes the country’s leader. To
identify the role of the citizen, students should look at SS6CG1b and determine what role the citizen actually plays in the government. For personal freedoms, students should understand those freedoms in terms of such things as freedom of speech and freedom of the press as understood in the United
Students should focus on how a leader of a specific country becomes its leader and what impact that has on the role of the citizen.
Brazil and Mexico both have a Federal Republic. A Federal Republic is a state in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the component parts (states, colonies, or provinces) retain a degree of self-government; ultimate sovereign power rests with the voters who chose their governmental representatives.
Cuba is a dictatorship. A dictatorship is a form of government in which a ruler or small clique wield absolute power (not restricted by a constitution or laws).
Chief of state: President
Head of government: President
Brazil has a President who is both the chief of state and head of government.
Elections: President and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a single four-year term.
Bicameral National Congress consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
Members of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies are elected.
Suffrage: Voluntary between 16 and 18 years of age and over 70; compulsory over 18 and under 70 years of age; note - military conscripts do not vote
Chief of state: President
Head of government: President
Mexico has a President who is both the chief of state and head of government.
Elections: President elected by popular vote for a single six-year term.
Bicameral National Congress consists of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
National Congress and Chamber of Deputies members are elected by popular vote.
Suffrage: 18 years of age; compulsory (but not enforced)
Chief of state: President
Head of government: President
Cuba has a President who is both the chief of state and head of government.
Elections: President and vice president elected by the National Assembly (legislature) for a term of five years; election last held February 2008. The president and vice president were
elected with 100% of the legislative vote.
Cuba’s Communist Party is the only legal party, and officially sanctioned candidates to the Legislative branch (Nation Assembly) run unopposed. Unicameral National Assembly of People's Power.
Members are elected directly from slates approved by special candidacy commissions to serve five-year terms.
Fidel Castro ruled Cuba from 1959 to 2008. When he stepped down his brother Raul became ruler.
Suffrage: 16 years of age.
Some Sample CRCT Questions for SS6CG2
Cuba has a type of government in which the ruler has absolute power and is not restricted by a constitution, laws, or the citizens. Name the type of government.
C. Parliamentary democracy
D. Presidential democracy
Cuba is an example of a type of government in which a ruler or small group has absolute power and is not restricted by a constitution or laws?
Mexico has a president who is elected by the people. The powers of the central government are restricted and regional authorities retain a degree of self-government. Ultimate power rests with the voters who chose their governmental representatives. Which of the following terms BEST describes
Mexico's form of government today?
A. Military Dictatorship
B. Federal Republic*
C. Constitutional Monarchy
D. Parliamentary Democracy
Next Friday, on Oct. 31 - yes HALLOWEEN! - we will have a test on Unit 2. It may seem like we flew through this unit, but it mostly concerns refining their computation skills with dividing fractions, dividing whole numbers, and all of the operations with decimals. The only new skill is using the distributive property in factoring. Below are two short videos that explain the "upside down birthday cake method" for GCF and LCM. The students will also have a learning board in their math binder
that will explain the birthday cake method for the distributive property that we will work on Friday and the beginning of next week.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGLpBe46wIY (2:33) LCM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GD5jLpSsN00 (4:58) GCF
If you want to get a jump start on reviewing Unit 2, here are some resources..
This week finds up exploring Latin America's culture.
SS6G4 The student will describe the cultural characteristics of Latin America and the Caribbean.
a. Describe the results of blending of ethnic groups in Latin America and the Caribbean.
b. Explain why Latin America is a region based on the languages of Portuguese and Spanish.
c. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard of living.
Last week, students divided up into expert groups and researched a country. Today, they are sharing their expertise with students from other country groups.
President - Juliet
Vice-President - Bridget
Secretary - Bryson
Public Relations - Alex
Community Service - Elaine
President - Chavon
Vice-President - Jordan Henderson
Secretary - Maleah
Public Relations - Jordan Powell
Community Service - Joshua
All of these wonderful officers will have a presentation due at our next meeting on November 12th. Each has a pamphlet that outlines many ideas for presentations. Remember, the presentations should only be about 2 - 5 minutes. The rubric that I will use to assess their presentation is attached below.
Joshua and Elaine are charged with bringing in a gallon jug to house POP TABS that we will be collecting. The program that 4-H is supporting is described below:
Why Pop Tabs? Unlike the urban legend states, pop tabs do not support medical treatment of any kind including chemotherapy or dialysis; however, pop tabs do support the operations of Ronald McDonald Houses across the country. This popular fundraiser benefits seriously ill or injured children by helping provide a “Home away from home” for them and their families while they are hospitalized or receiving outpatient medical treatment.
The Ronald McDonald House recycles pop tabs. The tab of an aluminum can is pure aluminum unlike the rest of the can which consists of mostly recycled aluminum and other residue. Recycled aluminum, at this point, pays a higher rate of return than just the tabs alone.
Fun Pop Tab Facts:
• 1 Pop Tab is approximately 1 inch long
• 1,267 Pop Tabs make 1 pound
• 1 pound of Pop Tabs can be sold for about 27 cents
Here is an article about the history of UGA, 4-H and pop tab collecting:
I look forward to seeing which class brings in the most!!
Mrs. Beck's Math and Social Studies Classes